Commun Biol. 2022 Aug 6;5(1):791. doi: 10.1038/s42003-022-03764-4.
Most P450s require redox partners for the electron transfer during catalysis. However, little information is available on cognate redox partners for P450s, which greatly limits P450 function exploration and practical application. Thus, the stategy of building various hybrid P450 catalytic systems with surrogate redox partner has often adopted to engineer P450 biocatalysts. In this study, we compare three pairs of frequently-used surrogate redox partner SelFdx1499/SelFdR0978, Adx/AdR and Pdx/PdR and in terms of their electron transfer properties. The three selected bacterial Class I P450s include PikC, P450sca-2 and CYP-sb21, which are responsible for production of high-value-added products. Here we show that SelFdx1499/SelFdR0978 is the most promising redox partner compared to Adx/AdR and Pdx/PdR. The results provide insights into the domination for P450-redox partner interactions in modulating the catalytic activity of P450s. This study not only produces a more active biocatalyst but also suggests a general chose for a universal reductase which would facilitate engineering of P450 catalyst.