Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil. 2023 Aug 16;14:21514593231195539. doi: 10.1177/21514593231195539. eCollection 2023.
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to identify the timing and nature of complications associated with distal femur fracture surgery in patients aged 65 and older using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database.
METHODS: The ACS NSQIP database was queried for adults aged 65 and older who received surgical treatment for a distal femur fracture between 01 January 2015 and 31 December 2021. Cox regression models and risk tables adjusted for baseline clinical characteristics were created for 14 complications (Superficial Surgical Site Infection (SSI), Deep SSI, Organ/Space SSI, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Embolism (PE), Deep Venous Thrombosis (DVT), Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Stroke/Cerebrovascular accident (CVA), Myocardial Infarction (MI), Renal Failure, Cardiac Arrest (CA), Re-operation, Sepsis, and Death within 30 days of surgery). Model summaries were used to identify significant variables with a Bonferroni correction applied.
RESULTS: A total of 3956 adults met inclusion criteria and were included in analysis. The most common complications were UTI (5.2%), death (4.1%), and pneumonia (3.4%). Complications typically occurred within 14 days after surgery, except for SSI, which occurred between post-op days 11 and 24.
CONCLUSIONS: Distal femur fractures are a substantial source of morbidity and mortality in the older adult population. Our findings underscore the need for comprehensive preoperative risk assessment and patient management strategies to mitigate the impact of identified risk factors in this vulnerable population.