Toward controllable and predictable synthesis of high-entropy alloy nanocrystals

Sci Adv. 2023 May 10;9(19):eadf9931. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.adf9931. Epub 2023 May 10.


High-entropy alloy (HEA) nanocrystals have attracted extensive attention in catalysis. However, there are no effective strategies for synthesizing them in a controllable and predictable manner. With quinary HEA nanocrystals made of platinum-group metals as an example, we demonstrate that their structures with spatial compositions can be predicted by quantitatively knowing the reduction kinetics of metal precursors and entropy of mixing in the nanocrystals under dropwise addition of the mixing five-metal precursor solution. The time to reach a steady state for each precursor plays a pivotal role in determining the structures of HEA nanocrystals with homogeneous alloy and core-shell features. Compared to the commercial platinum/carbon and phase-separated counterparts, the dendritic HEA nanocrystals with a defect-rich surface show substantial enhancement in catalytic activity and durability toward both hydrogen evolution and oxidation. This quantitative study will lead to a paradigm shift in the design of HEA nanocrystals, pushing away from the trial-and-error approach.

PMID:37163597 | DOI:10.1126/sciadv.adf9931


Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Generated by Feedzy