Transglutaminase-Catalyzed Bottom-Up Synthesis of Polymer Hydrogel

Front Bioeng Biotechnol. 2022 Mar 22;10:824747. doi: 10.3389/fbioe.2022.824747. eCollection 2022.

ABSTRACT

Enzyme catalysis has attracted increasing attention for application in the synthesis of polymer hydrogel due to the eco-friendly process and the devisable catalytic reaction. Moreover, bottom-up approaches combining enzyme catalysts and molecular self-assembly have been explored for synthesizing hydrogel with complex architectures. An enzyme widely distributed in nature, transglutaminase (TGase) has been confirmed to catalyze the formation of isopeptide bonds between proteins, which can effectively improve the gelation of proteins. In this mini-review, TGase-catalyzed synthesis of polymer hydrogels, including fibrin hydrogels, polyethylene glycol hydrogels, soy protein hydrogels, collagen hydrogels, gelatin hydrogels and hyaluronan hydrogels, has been reviewed in detail. The catalytic process and gel formation mechanism by TGase have also been considered. Furthermore, future perspectives and challenges in the preparation of polymer hydrogels by TGase are also highlighted.

PMID:35392400 | PMC:PMC8980521 | DOI:10.3389/fbioe.2022.824747

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