Tripodal Pd metallenes mediated by Nb2C MXenes for boosting alkynes semihydrogenation

Nat Commun. 2023 Feb 7;14(1):661. doi: 10.1038/s41467-023-36378-3.


2D metallene nanomaterials have spurred considerable attention in heterogeneous catalysis by virtue of sufficient unsaturated metal atoms, high specific surface area and surface strain. Nevertheless, the strong metallic bonding in nanoparticles aggravates the difficulty in the controllable regulation of the geometry of metallenes. Here we propose an efficient galvanic replacement strategy to construct Pd metallenes loaded on Nb2C MXenes at room temperature, which is triggered by strong metal-support interaction based on MD simulations. The Pd metallenes feature a chair structure of six-membered ring with the coordination number of Pd as low as 3. Coverage-dependent kinetic analysis based on first-principles calculations reveals that the tripodal Pd metallenes promote the diffusion of alkene and inhibit its overhydrogenation. As a consequence, Pd/Nb2C delivers an outstanding turnover frequency of 10372 h-1 and a high selectivity of 96% at 25 oC in the semihydrogenation of alkynes without compromising the stability. This strategy is general and scalable considering the plentiful members of the MXene family, which can set a foundation for the design of novel supported-metallene catalysts for demanding transformations.

PMID:36750563 | PMC:PMC9905561 | DOI:10.1038/s41467-023-36378-3


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