Two-Dimensional Cationic Aluminoborate as a New Paradigm for Highly Selective and Efficient Cr(VI) Capture from Aqueous Solution

JACS Au. 2022 Jun 30;2(7):1669-1678. doi: 10.1021/jacsau.2c00237. eCollection 2022 Jul 25.

ABSTRACT

Water pollutants existing in their oxyanion forms have high solubility and environmental mobility. To capture these anionic pollutants, cost-effective inorganic materials with cationic frameworks and outstanding removal performance are ideal adsorbents. Herein, we report that two-dimensional (2D) cationic aluminoborate BAC(10) sets a new paradigm for highly selective and efficient capture of Cr(VI) and other oxyanions from aqueous solution. The structure of Cr(VI)-exchanged BAC(10) sample (Cr(VI)@BAC(10), H0.22·Al2BO4.3·(HCrO4)0.22·2.64H2O) has been successfully solved by continuous rotation electron diffraction. The crystallographic data show that the 2D cationic layer of BAC(10) is built by AlO6 octahedra, BO4 tetrahedra, and BO3 triangles. Partial chromate ions exchanged with Cl- ions are located within the interlayer region, which are chemically bonded to the aluminoborate layer. BAC(10) shows faster adsorption kinetics compared to the commercial anion exchange resin (AER) and layered double hydroxides (LDHs), a higher maximum adsorption capacity of 139.1 mg/g than that of AER (62.77 mg/g), LDHs (81.43 mg/g), and a vast majority of cationic MOFs, and a much broader working pH range (2-10.5) than LDHs. Moreover, BAC(10) also shows excellent Cr(VI) oxyanion removal performance for a solution with a low concentration (1-10 mg/L), and the residual concentration can be reduced to below 0.05 mg/L of the WHO drinking water criterion. These superior properties indicate that BAC(10) is a promising material for remediation of Cr(VI) and other harmful oxyanions from wastewater.

PMID:35911457 | PMC:PMC9326818 | DOI:10.1021/jacsau.2c00237

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