Ultrafine ZnCo2O4 QD-incorporated carbon nitride mediated peroxymonosulfate activation for norfloxacin oxidation: performance, mechanisms and pathways

RSC Adv. 2023 May 9;13(20):14048-14059. doi: 10.1039/d3ra02364h. eCollection 2023 May 2.


Recently, peroxymonosulfate (PMS)-based advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) are being actively investigated as a potential technology for water decontamination and many efforts have been made to improve the activation efficiency of PMS. Herein, a 0D metal oxide quantum dot (QD)-2D ultrathin g-C3N4 nanosheet (ZnCo2O4/g-C3N4) hybrid was facilely fabricated through a one-pot hydrothermal process and used as an efficient PMS activator. Benefiting from the restricted growth effect of the g-C3N4 support, ultrafine ZnCo2O4 QDs (∼3-5 nm) are uniformly and stably anchored onto the surface. The ultrafine ZnCo2O4 possesses high specific surface areas and shortened mass/electron transport route so that the internal static electric field (Einternal) formed in the interface between p-type ZnCo2O4 and the n-type g-C3N4 semiconductor could speed up the electron transfer during the catalytic reaction. This thereby induces the high-efficiency PMS activation for rapid organic pollutant removal. As expected, the ZnCo2O4/g-C3N4 hybrid catalysts significantly outperformed individual ZnCo2O4 and g-C3N4 in catalytic oxidative degradation of norfloxacin (NOR) in the presence of PMS (95.3% removal of 20 mg L-1 of NOR in 120 min). Furthermore, the ZnCo2O4/g-C3N4-mediated PMS activation system was systematically studied in terms of the identification of reactive radicals, the impact of control factors, and the recyclability of the catalyst. The results of this study demonstrated the great potential of a built-in electric field-driven catalyst as a novel PMS activator for the remediation of contaminated water.

PMID:37181504 | PMC:PMC10167798 | DOI:10.1039/d3ra02364h


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