Utilizing Fish Skin of Ikan Belida (Notopterus lopis) as a Source of Collagen: Production and Rheology Properties

Mar Drugs. 2022 Aug 18;20(8):525. doi: 10.3390/md20080525.

ABSTRACT

Collagen hydrogels have been extensively applied in biomedical applications. However, their mechanical properties are insufficient for such applications. Our previous study showed improved mechanical properties when collagen was blended with alginate. The current study aims to analyze the physico-chemical properties of collagen-alginate (CA) films such as swelling, porosity, denaturation temperature (Td), and rheology properties. Collagen was prepared from discarded fish skin of Ikan Belida (Notopterus lopis) that was derived from fish ball manufacturing industries and cross-linked with alginate from brown seaweed (Sargasum polycystum) of a local species as a means to benefit the downstream production of marine industries. CA hydrogels were fabricated with ratios (v/v) of 1:1, 1:4, 3:7, 4:1, and 7:3 respectively. FTIR spectrums of CA film showed an Amide I shift of 1636.12 cm-1 to 1634.64 cm-1, indicating collagen-alginate interactions. SEM images of CA films show a porous structure that varied from pure collagen. DSC analysis shows Td was improved from 61.26 °C (collagen) to 83.11 °C (CA 3:7). CA 4:1 swelled nearly 800% after 48 h, correlated with the of hydrogels porosity. Most CA demonstrated visco-elastic solid characteristics with greater storage modulus (G’) than lost modulus (G″). Shear thinning and non-Newtonian behavior was observed in CA with 0.4% to 1.0% (w/v) CaCl2. CA hydrogels that were derived from discarded materials shows promising potential to serve as a wound dressing or ink for bio printing in the future.

PMID:36005530 | PMC:PMC9410226 | DOI:10.3390/md20080525

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